Una Master Plan 2011 has been created for Una. Situated at an altitude of about 1404 feet (428 meters) Una town has 31° 28’ North Latitude and 76° 15’ and 76° 17’ East Longitude. The town is spread in an area of 497 hectares having population of 12001 as per 1991 census. It is well connected by road from Jwalamukhi, Dharamshala, Hamirpur, Mandi, Kullu, Bilaspur, and Shimla. Una is directly linked with important towns of Punjab like Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Chandigarh and Amritsar, Ambala and Delhi are directly linked by rail.
Geologically formulation of the town area is alluvial fan rivers terraces and gravel bed of recent age, sand stone and clay stone alluvium occupies the vast stretch which contains sand, silt and clay in varying proportions. Una town serves the entire Districts as a regional trade center, as well as acts Gateway to the North of Himachal Pradesh from ancient time.
Vision of Una Master Plan 2011
Development pattern of Una has been governed by various constraints imposed by river-rivulets and low lying areas. The town is situated on the ridge of modern hill, other settlement known as Galua Mohallah is also located on the elevated surface. Now settlements are being coming up along the major corridors in a linear pattern in the absence of serviced land and other infrastructural facilities, existing development pattern and requirement of land by the year 2011 for housing, trade and commerce, Industrial, community facilities and services. Old residential areas in Una town are situated along narrow lapse. Housing problems both in qualitative and quantitative terms are acute in the town. Although a sizeable growth in population has occurred during last two decades, yet housing activities has not increased correspondingly due to not availability of service land.
Objective of Una Master Plan 2011
Una Master Plan 2011 contemplates allocation of developable land for different uses to meet requirement for next 15 years i.e. up to 2011 and also envisages sector wise break up proposed land use structure. Various land uses have been proposed keeping in view availability of developable land in each sector holding capacity in terms of population and other activities, existing land use of area, development potential, conformity of land use of its surrounding areas, threshold population for facilities, locational attributes of facilities and services, site characteristics, convenient distance of work areas from residential areas, land values etc. Out of 3097 hectares of land within Planning Area 635.96 hectares (20.53%) is urbanizable area. Out of this area 85% is proposed for Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Facilities and Services, Traffic and Transportation, Parks and Open Spaces etc. whereas 15% is reserved for other uses, i.e. agriculture, natural wood land, barren land, water bodies etc.