Replacement House For Mumbai Slum Dwellers Under PM Awas Yojana
Maharashtra government on Thursday rolled out a new plan to take Mumbai towards a slum-free status. Under this plan, over 18 lakh Mumbai slum dwellers residing in slum tenements, that came up between 2000 and 2011, have now been guaranteed a replacement house. However, it will not be for free. All these residents would need to pay for the new housing using the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana’s interest subvention scheme.
The state’s housing department issued a government resolution entitling all those residing in slum tenements existing prior to January 1, 2011, for a replacement house. Earlier, on April 20 President gave his assent to the modifications that the Maharashtra legislature had proposed to the Maharashtra Slum Act, 1971, to facilitate such a move.
Incidentally, the notification issued states that the concession was also being extended to such hutment dwellers, who had earlier been evicted after being found ‘ineligible’ for rehabilitation in ongoing slum redevelopment schemes. According to the Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA), more than 62 lakh people or one-half of the city’s population resides in 12.5 lakh slum tenements, collectively spread over just 8 percent of Mumbai’s geographical area.
Now, on the basis of the Centre’s ‘Housing for All’ initiative, the government has proposed two separate rehabilitation components in a slum redevelopment scheme. While residents living in pre-2000 dwelling units will remain eligible for free replacement house, those that have come up between 2000 and 2011 will be entitled to a highly subsidised paid for accommodation.
Apart from the new beneficiary Mumbai slum dwellers, the move will also come as a bonanza for slum developers, with the government also extending the sale incentives for the in-situ accommodation of such ‘non-protected’ hutment dwellers in ongoing schemes. The existing norm of permitting a developer a sale incentive proportionate to the built-up area used for the rehabilitation of slum dwellers has also been extended for new slum rehabilitation component, confirmed a senior official.
To become eligible for a subsidised replacement house, Mumbai slum dwellers, occupying such a structure, will have to submit proofs showing that the hutment had been in existence before January 1, 2011. He’d further have to provide evidence showing he has been residing in it prior 2011. In cases where documents validating his own occupation of the hutment before 2011 are unavailable, the state has permitted the submission of a valid identity proof of a later date, along with an Aadhaar card and a self-declaration from the beneficiary, announcing that he has been occupying it since before 2011.
In another move that could impact the infrastructure, the government is actively considering a plan to increase the minimum size of a rehabilitation tenement from 269 square feet at present to 300 square feet. A high-level committee has been set up to look into this aspect. Some other modifications, also introduced to the Slum Act, will further ensure enhancement of the slum redevelopment footprint in the commercial capital.
Mumbai’s new development plan has also rolled out several new concessions for slum developers, including an overall increase in floor space index for such schemes. In more than two decades since Mumbai’s slum-free plan took off, only 1.8 lakh replacements homes have come up, despite the SRA approving over 1,500 projects.
Source Link- http://indianexpress.com/