New Guidelines For Building Construction Near Highways, Maharashtra
With a view to prevent congestion and to ensure safety, the Maharashtra government has set up a committee to formulate new guidelines for permitting buildings near the district, state and national highways in Maharashtra. The five-member committee headed by the principal secretary (revenue) will comprise – principal secretary (Public Works Department), principal secretary (Urban Development Department) and secretary (Roads), PWD as members and deputy secretary (Roads) PWD, as a member secretary.
Tentatively the new guidelines will be as follows:
- For buildings near Expressway: Buildings should be located at a distance of 15m from an expressway (the distance between the centre of the road and building will be 60m),
- National highway: Buildings should be located at a distance of 3 to 6m from the National highway (the distance between the centre of the road and the building will be 60m),
- State highway: Buildings should be located at a distance of 4.5m from the state highway (the distance between the centre of the road and building will be 20m).
- Similarly, the buildings should be located at a distance of 4.5m from the district highway (the distance between the centre of the road and the building will be 15m).
In Maharashtra, there are 262 state highways and over 25 national highways pass through the state. The national highways include: NH 150, NH 160, NH 166, NH 166 A, NH 3, NH 348,NH 360, NH 361, NH 44, NH 47, NH 48, NH 52, NH 53, NH 548, NH 6, NH 60, NH 61, NH 63, NH 65, NH 66, NH 753, NH 753 A, NH 753 B, NH 848 B and NH 930. The number of national highways is expected to increase, with plans of realignment being worked out.
The above-mentioned control lines are fixed so as to limit building activity. The minimum distance between a road and a building from the centre of the road depends upon the area of the road. There should not be obstruction of view, which may cause a danger to vehicular traffic.
Without previous permission in writing from the Highway Authority, no one is allowed to construct, form or layout any means of access to or from a highway, or erect any building or materially alter any existing building, extend any excavation or construct or form or layout any work.
There are restrictions also for providing access to the main highway. Parallel service roads for 2- way traffic is required as an essential part of any scheme for erecting buildings and factories on the land abutting the highway. At least a 12m parallel service road has to be provided.
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