Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1 has been created for Mathura-Vrindavan district. Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1 explains the region of Mathura-Vrindavan.
Mathura is a well-known ancient and heritage city in the state. City is an administrative centre of Mathura district which falls under Agra division. As per the Hindu scriptures Mathura is the birth place of Lord Shri Krishna. The city of Mathura is situated along the western banks of the river Yamuna. City spatial extension falls at 27o 35′ North latitude and 78° 12’, East longitude at an average elevation of 174 meters (570 feet). The city is bounded by Govardhan, Chaumuha, Mant, Vrindavan, Raya, Baldeo and Farah. Mathura is located approximately 50 kilometers (31 mi) north of Agra, and 145 kilometers (90 mi) south-east of Delhi. Mathura is well connected with other parts of the state and country by rail and road networks. National highway (NH) 2 from Delhi to Howrah is passing through the city and connects to NH 3 which leads to Mumbai. The other prominent arterial roads links city with Agra, Bikaner and Moradabad. Yamuna express way of Agra to Greater Noida also links Mathura. Mathura rail network has direct connections with cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Alwar, Jaipur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Rewa, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi etc. The city has four railway station and Mathura junction is the biggest one connecting north, west and southern India. Mathura cantt station connects to eastern Uttar Pradesh. The nearest airport is in Agra at a distance of 63 km. The international airport is at New Delhi i.e. 156 km from Mathura. The latitude of Mathura is 27.492413 and the longitude is 77.673676. It is located between the 27° 29′ 32.6868” N and 77° 40′ 25.2336” E. Vrindavan is a town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The latitude of Vrindavan is 27.5650088 and the longitude is 77.65933940000002. It is located between the 27°33’54.03″N and 77°39’33.62″E.
Areas adjacent to the Market centre and old settlements exhibit dense development due to cluster housing. This is because of availability of all services, cultural and religious attractions and work places. This area is under development pressure due to lack of organized growth. The peripheral areas are becoming more popular among the people as they provide more organized development pattern with infrastructure being relatively in better conditions. According to 2011 census, the total households (HHs) in the city are 59,781 comprising of 3, 49,336 population and the average Household size is 6 (5.7). The Households in 2001 are 47,980 with a population of 3, 02,770 and household size of 6 (6.3). The increase in number of HHs is directly causative of reduction in household size.
Vision of Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1
The objective of the Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1 is to create enabling spatial and land use planning framework to achieve the Vision of Mathura-Vrindavan in order to promote, guide and rationalize. The future growth and development of the urban centers is defined by the Master Plan/Development Plans which are evolved for each settlement at individual level. Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1 has been considered as one of the most effective mechanism to promote planned growth of the urban centers. It lays down the road map, agenda and framework within which the city growth is envisioned. It provides a tool for the authorities to take decision with regard to current and future development related issues.
Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1 provides the framework for rationalizing the orderly movement of traffic and transportation within the city and defines the area for laying down network of various services. The plan is used for promoting integrated development of the urban centre by rationalizing its pattern of land use and their inter-relationship. It also defines the strategies and solutions for overcoming the existing problems of the urban centers and to overcome its infrastructural and service related inadequacies. In addition, it provides options for accommodating the future addition to population which is likely to come to the urban centre due to natural growth and migration. Master Plan acts as a tool for determining the infrastructure cost which would be required to make the city sustainable. The plans offer futuristic solutions by laying down agenda for its growth and development.
Development Goals of Mathura-Vrindavan Master Plan 2021 Part 1
- Socially beneficial
- Regionally connected
- Environmentally sustainable
- Financially Viable
- Institutionally Executable and;
- Politically acceptable