Government Schemes For Women Empowerment Initiatives
International women’s day is just a week away. Countries around the world including India are emphasizing on women empowerment. Indian government has recognised women issues and their contribution to the country’s economy. Some of the women empowerment initiatives are:
1- Mahila E-Haat
Mahila E-Haat is an initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs. This start up at Rashtriya Mahila Kosh website leverages technology for showcasing products made/manufactured/sold by women entrepreneurs. They can even showcase their services reflecting their creative potential. This unique e-platform will strengthen the socio-economic empowerment of women.
2- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Overall Goal of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme is to celebrate the girl child and enable her education. The objectives of the Scheme are as under:
- To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
- To ensure survival and protection of the girl child
- To ensure education and participation of the girl child
3- One Stop Centre Scheme
One Stop Centres (OSC) are intended to support women affected by violence, in private and public spaces, within the family, community and at the workplace. Women facing physical, sexual, emotional, psychological and economic abuse, irrespective of age, class, caste, education status, marital status, race and culture will be facilitated with support and redressal. Aggrieved women facing any kind of violence due to attempted sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, trafficking, honour related crimes, acid attacks or witch-hunting who have reached out or been referred to the OSC will be provided with specialized services.
One Stop Centres are established at various locations in India for providing shelter, police desk, legal, medical and counselling services to victims of violence under one roof integrated with a 24 hour Helpline. The toll free helpline number is 181.
4- Working Women Hostels
The objective of the scheme is to promote availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women, with day care facility for their children, wherever possible, in urban, semi urban, or even rural areas where employment opportunity for women exist. The scheme is assisting projects for construction of new hostel buildings,
expansion of existing hostel buildings and hostel buildings in rented premises. The working
women’s hostel projects being assisted under this scheme shall be made available to all
working women without any distinction with respect to caste, religion, marital status etc.,
subject to norms prescribed under the scheme.
5- Swadhar Greh
The scheme envisions a supportive institutional framework for women victims of difficult circumstances so that they could lead their life with dignity and conviction. It envisages that shelter, food, clothing, and health as well as economic and social security are assured for such women. It also envisions that the special needs of these women are properly taken care of and under no circumstances they should be left unattended or abandoned which could lead to their exploitation and desolation.
The beneficiaries include widows deserted by their families and relatives, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of natural disasters, women victims of terrorist/extremist violence etc.
6- Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women
STEP Scheme aims to provide skills that give employability to women and to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs. The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country. The grant under the Scheme is given to an institution/ organisation including NGOs directly and not the States/ UTs. The assistance under STEP Scheme will be available in any sector for imparting skills related to employability and entrepreneurship, including but not limited to the Agriculture, Horticulture, Food Processing, Handlooms, Tailoring, Stitching, Embroidery, Zari etc, Handicrafts, Computer & IT enable services along with soft skills and skills for the workplace such as spoken English, Gems & Jewellery, Travel & Tourism, Hospitality.
7- Nari Shakti Puraskar
The year 1975, was celebrated as the International Women’s Year, but the United Nations began to celebrate 8th March as the Internal Women’s Day every year. It is a day that provides an opportunity to acknowledge the achievements of women for the nation and recognize their contributions to the society. The Ministry of Women & Child Development, celebrates International Women’s Day every year on 8th March as it is the nodal Ministry for the issues related to women.
Taking this as an opportune moment to acknowledge Women’s achievements, it has been decided by the Ministry in the year 2015, to confer Nari Shakti Puraskars to eminent women and institutions in recognition of their service towards the cause of women empowerment.