Goa Master Plan 2021 has been created for Goa. Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan in Western India. It is bounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its Western coast. It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Goa has highest GDP per capita among all Indian states.
Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. It has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, a biodiversity hotspot.
Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi). It lies between the latitudes 14°53′54″ N and 15°40′00″ N and longitudes 73°40′33″ E and 74°20′13″ E. A native of Goa is called a Goan in English, Goenkar in Konkani, goes or goesa in Portuguese and Govekar in Marathi. Goa has a population of 1.459 million residents, making it India’s fourth smallest (after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh).
At 3,702 sq. km in area, Goa is the smallest of India’s 28 states, occupying just about 0.1 per cent of the nation’s land mass. The State is divided into two districts: (i) North Goa, about 1,736 sq. km. and (ii) South Goa, about 1,966 sq. km..
A look at the nature of settlements in Goa reveals that the density of settlements is very high in the coastal belt (comprising of four talukas Bardez, Tiswadi, Mormugao and Salcete). The coastal areas of Pernem and Canacona have largely remained underdeveloped, though, this region offers similar geographical entities.
Thus, three distinct land profiles emerge in the State
- An overdeveloped fragile coastal belt (comprising of 4 talukas)
- An undulating fertile midland belt (comprising of 4 talukas) and
- An ecologically rich forested Ghats belt (comprising of 3 talukas)
Eradicating following Issues in Goa Master Plan 2021
- Pressure on land fuelled by speculation changing character of Goa’s settlements
- Agriculture lands converting to real estate
- Intra migration and lack of jobs to match skill sets of population
- Infrastructure needing upgradation
- Environmental degradation due to Goa’s two major industries- tourism and mining
Vision of Goa Master Plan 2021
“To create a more vibrant and prosperous Goa…to create Goa that has greater economic prosperity… in a manner that does not endanger the fragile ecosystems that make Goa what it is. ..We believe this can be best done in honest and open collaboration with the people of Goa.”
Strategy of Goa Master Plan 2021
The Task Force having comprehended the issues has adopted a multipronged approach:
- A conservation strategy is being put in place to prevent indiscriminate environmental degradation. Accordingly, Eco-Sensitive Zones (ECO I and ECO II) have been created based on levels of vulnerability. In Eco zone I no development will be permitted. In Eco II partial development with restrictions and special controls will be permitted.
- For an all-round balanced economic growth, for new and better paying jobs for the resident population, right across the State and to reduce pressure from the Coastal belt and Urban areas, new growth centers / nodes are being proposed in the midland talukas, by upgrading and strengthening the transportation routes.
- Regional development control regulations are being re-drafted to ensure that the identity and character of Goa’s settlements is not eroded.