Amaravati Project Report – Birth of a City. Amaravati Project report presents the status of the Capital City project, the status of planning, development and other related activities towards the development of the People’s Capital of Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati. The details contained in the Amaravati project report is purely for information and is subject to various revisions as project Amaravati progresses forward and revisions are incorporated.
The Amaravati project report consists of an overview section consisting of the background and circumstances that lead to the development of APCRDA and the corresponding chronology of events. Subsequently, a department-wise summary of various milestones, achievements and issues have been provided one after the other across Land, Social Development, Planning, Projects, Financial Planning, Industry & Economic Development & Execution strategy.
Amaravati will be built on land pooled from the contributions of the villagers in the region. In return, they will receive plots of commercial and residential land in the city and share in the fruits of development for years to come. Consistent with Andhra Pradesh’s leaders’ vision of a People’s Capital, the Master Plan also provides for affordable housing, easy access to amenities such as schools, healthcare services, markets, and shopping malls, libraries and a university. The Master Plan respects the sense of local identity and enhances appreciation for local heritage. It protects the existing religious and heritage sites and connects them to the network of MRT / BRT and roads to form tourism circuits.
Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014
- The Andhra Pradesh Re-organization Act, 2014 (central Act 6 of 2014) which came into force on 2nd June 2014 provided for the reorganization of existing State of Andhra Pradesh. AP Re-organization Act, 2014 (Central Act 6 of 2014) passed by parliament identified Hyderabad as the Capital of the State of Telangana, but constituted an Expert Committee to study various alternatives regarding the New Capital for the successor State of Andhra Pradesh and make specific recommendations.
- The Central Government has constituted an expert committee on 28-03-2014 under the Chairmanship of Sri K.C. Sivarama Krishnan, I.A.S., to give the report within 6 months from the date of Re-Organization Act, i.e., 31-08- 2014 and some of the guidelines issued by Central Government in the terms of reference include.
- The least possible dislocation of people and their habitations.
- Vulnerability assessment from National Disasters like floods, cyclones and earthquakes.
- Assess the scope of minimizing the cost of construction and acquisition of land.
- The least possible dislocation to the existing agricultural systems.
- The Committee submitted its report on 28.7.2014 and gave various alternatives without giving any specific recommendations and left the decision to the State Government. The Central Government forwarded the report to the State Government. To make the capital city a world-class People’s Capital, Government of Andhra Pradesh signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Singapore on 8th December 2014. According to the MoU Singapore Government will prepare master plans at three stages viz., 1) Capital Region Concept Master Plan, 2) Capital City Master Plan, and 3) Seed Capital Area Detailed Master Plan.
The salient features of the Amaravati Project Report & Master Plan 2050 are as follows.
- Capital city area: 217 km2
- Settlement Hierarchy (Neighborhood concept):
- Town: City divided into 27 towns, each town is a 2 km x 2 km square i.e. about 1000 acres and about100, 000 populations (28,000 households). The minor arterial roads dissect each town into four parts. The arterial roads form the periphery of each town.
- Neighbourhood: Each town is divided into 4 equal parts called neighbourhoods of 1 km x 1 km in size (about 250 acres) with about 25,000 population (7000) households. Primary school, local shopping etc. will be at a walkable distance.
- Community: Each neighbourhood is divided into four equal parts called communities of ½ km x ½ km size (about 62.5 acres) with about 6000 population (1700 households).
- Cluster: Each community is further divided into 2 to 4 clusters with each cluster representing a close-knit society having its own park and controlled access for vehicles. The size of the cluster varies from 15 acres to 30 acres and the population 1500 to 3000 (300 to 800 families).
Commercial Centers Hierarchy under Amravati Project Report:
- The Central Business District (CBD) at the riverfront houses all important corporate and financial establishments.
- Regional Centers: 3 numbers.
- Town centres: 27 number each with a metro station and at the junction of two minor arterial roads.
- Neighbourhood centres: about 100.
- Community shopping: Within each community for a local commercial.