Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021 has been created for Vishakhapatnam. Visakhapatnam, popularly known as Vizag, is a fast developing port city. With a population of 15, 00,000 in 2001 and a land area of 530 square kilometers, Visakhapatnam is the country’s largest city in terms of land and Andhra Pradesh’s second largest urban agglomeration in population. On account of rapid industrialization, there has been significant migration into the city. The city was originally a small fishing village but due to its natural harbor it developed into a major port. It has experienced rapid industrialization with the growth of major industries, including steel, petroleum refining and fertilizer. With the formation of “Greater Visakhapatnam” in 2005 the city’s development is set for a quantum leap.
Vizag is located on the east coast of India, in 17o42′ North latitude and 82o02′ East range of hills. The city is experiencing tremendous economic growth. The sectors contributing to city’s economic growth are agriculture and fishing (primary sector), large, medium and small scale industries (secondary sector) and services (tertiary sector) that include trade and commerce, transport, telecommunications, management and consultancy services, education, etc.
Strategy of Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021
Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) has prepared a City Development Strategy (CDS) in 2005 to address the infrastructure and service delivery gaps in with support and assistance from Cities Alliance. The objective of Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021 was to prepare and implement a strategy for creating a strong and robust economy with equitable growth.
Objective of Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021
The Government of India has launched a major program viz., Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), for promoting reforms and investments for select 63 cities. Visakhapatnam is one of the eligible cities under the scheme. Under JNNURM, it is mandatory to prepare a City Development Plan through a participatory and consultative process. Accordingly, GVMC, along with other key stakeholders, prepared the Master Plan based on the City Development Strategy formulated earlier.
The main objective of the Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021 is to ensure a planned growth of the city and to make Visakhapatnam as a better alternative to the mega cities, guided by a shared vision for city’s development. The Master Plan makes basic policy choices and provides a flexible framework for adapting to deal with emerging challenges over time. It emphasizes on issues of priority, local concerns for livability, and the implied requirements in terms of:
- Enhancing city productivity;
- Reducing poverty;
- Improving urban governance; and
- Enhancing financial sustainability.
The sectoral plans for the identified sectors form part of the Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021 and it covers a time horizon of 20 year. The Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021 outlines a policy framework and investment/reform interventions to achieve the vision.
Scope of Visakhapatnam Master Plan 2021
The strategic policy and investment interventions to achieve the vision of Visakhapatnam including formulation of sectoral plans for the identified sectors are outlined in the Master Plan. The scope of work is to:
- Assess the existing situation with regards to demography, economic base, financial profile, infrastructure services, physical and environmental aspects and institutions.
- Identify the gaps in service delivery
- Outline the issues faced by the City’s poor
- Prepare a vision and sectoral strategic framework outlining the goals, strategies, interventions/projects to achieve the vision and
- Formulate a city investment plan with appropriate financing strategies and an implementation action plan.
- Focus on the reforms to be carried out at the state and local level in consonance with the vision and strategic plan outlined to sustain the planned interventions.