Surat Master Plan 2035 has been created for Surat. The SUDA area is located between latitudes 21 03’ and 21 19’ North and longitudes 72 41’ and 7300’ East which covers 715 sq. km. It is 13 meters above mean sea level. Surat city is located on the southern part of Gujarat state in the western India. It lies near the mouth of the Tapti River at the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay). It is one of the most dynamic cities of India with one of the fastest growth rate due to immigration from various parts of Gujarat and other states of India. It is major urban centre on the Ahmedabad-Mumbai regional corridor. The city has grown on both the sides of river Tapi. Surat is well connected to one of the busiest Delhi – Mumbai National Highway No. 8. It is located on the western side of this National Highway No. 8. It is approximately 300 km in south from the State capital Gandhinagar and about 250 km from Ahmedabad. Vadodara is 170 km north of Surat. Mumbai is 260 km in south.
Vision of Surat Master Plan 2035
The Development Plan, 2035 is prepared considering the demand of projected population of next two decades for the entire area of 1351 square kilometer of Surat Urban Development Authority (SUDA). This total area consists of Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) Area and 195 villages under SUDA. Surat ranks 4th fastest growing city in a global study of fastest developing cities conducted by The City Mayors Foundation, an international think tank on urban affairs. In fact, it is the fastest growing Indian city in terms of economic prosperity. However, as it continues to grow and expand at such high rate, the residents of the city are facing the issues such as traffic congestion, high cost of housing and real estate, parking issues, lack of public transport, increased demand for amenities, gardens, open spaces and much more.
Objective of Surat Master Plan 2035
- To have optimum utilization of urban land and to minimize the spread of urbanization in rich agricultural irrigated area
- To develop multi modular transportation considering high growth of city and upcoming national projects such as DFC, EW, Metro, Bullet train, DREAM City, etc. and creating transportation corridor by way of ring roads, DP Road and radial conduit roads
- To decongest the city by locating new development areas to ease the pressure on city Providing balanced development with environmental protection and adequate green spaces
- Diversification of economic activities
Thus, the main objectives of the development plan would be to achieve efficient functioning by restructuring the city, by means of conservation, new development and to serve as a policy framework with long term perspective to guide future developments.