Salem Master Plan 2011 has been created for Salem District. Salem is a city in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located about 160 kilometers (100 mi) northeast of Coimbatore, 186 kilometers (116 mi) southeast of Bangalore and about 340 kilometers (210 mi) southwest of the state capital, Chennai. Salem is the sixth largest city in Tamil Nadu by population and covers 91.34 km2. Three National Highways originate in or pass through: NH 44 (Srinagar – Kanyakumari), NH 544 (Salem – Kochi via Erode and Coimbatore) and NH 79 (Salem – Ulundurpet). Salem Junction is located in Suramangalam, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) west of the city.
In 2005, the Railway Board approved the creation of a Salem railway division from Palakkad and Tiruchirapalli divisions. It is the fourth-largest of the six Southern Railway zone divisions. Salem Airport is located on the Salem-Bangalore Highway (NH 7) in Kaamalapuram about 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from the city. The total population of Salem is 3,482,056. Males constitute 51% of the total population while females constitute 49% of the total population. The latitude of Salem is 11.664325 and the longitude is 78.146011. It is located between the 11° 39′ 51.5700” N and 78° 8′ 45.6396” E.
Objectives of Salem Master Plan 2011
The objective of Salem Master Plan 2011 is to create enabling spatial and land use planning framework to achieve the Vision of Salem Master Plan 2011 in order to promote, guide and rationalize. The future growth and development of the urban centres, it will be critical to define their growth framework The future growth framework of the urban centres are defined by the Master Plan/Development Plans which are evolved for each settlement at individual level. Salem Master Plan 2011 has been considered as one of the most effective mechanism to promote planned growth of the urban centres. It lays down the road map, agenda and framework within which the city growth is envisioned. It provides a tool for the authorities to take decision with regard to current and future development related issues.
Salem Master Plan 2011 provides the framework for rationalizing the orderly movement of traffic and transportation within the city and defines the area for laying down net-work of various services. The plan is used for promoting integrated development of the urban centre by rationalizing its pattern of land use and their interrelationship. It also defines the strategies and solutions for overcoming the existing problems of the urban centres and to overcome its infrastructural and service related inadequacies. In addition, it provides options for accommodating the future addition to population which is likely to come to the urban centre due to natural growth and migration. Master Plan acts as a tool for determining the infrastructure cost which would be required to make the city sustainable. The plans offer futuristic solutions by laying down agenda for its growth and development.
Development Goals of Salem Master Plan 2011
- Socially beneficial
- Regionally connected
- Environmentally sustainable
- Financially Viable
- Institutionally Executable and;
- Politically acceptable