PMKKKY Benefits, Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana Details
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF. This program is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations. The most productive mining areas in the country are largely areas inhabited by scheduled tribes.
Objectives of PMKKKY
The overall objective of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana scheme will be
- To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas, and these projects/ programs will be complementing the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
- Minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
- To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas
Identification of affected areas & people to be covered under the PMKKKY
1) Affected areas
- Directly affected areas – where direct mining-related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal (overburdened dumps, tailing ponds, transport corridors etc.), etc. are located.
- Indirectly affected areas –Those areas where local population is adversely affected on account of economic, social and environmental consequences due to mining-related operations.
2) Affected people
- Persons affected by mining should include people who have legal and occupational rights over the land being mined
Scope of PMKKKY
PMKKKY may cover the activities listed below:
- High priority areas – at least 60% of PMKKKY funds to be utilized under these heads:
- Drinking water supply
- Environment preservation and pollution control measures
- Health care
- Welfare of Women and Children
- Welfare of aged and disabled people
- Skill development
PMKKKY is, therefore, very sharply focused on safeguarding the health, environment and economic conditions of the tribals and providing them with opportunities to benefit from the vast mineral resources that are extracted from the areas where they live.