Patna Master Plan 2031 (Improving Draft) has been created for Patna. With an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, Patna is the 19th most populous city in India and with over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Residents of Patna are referred to by the demonym Patnaite. Patna is the capital city of Bihar State situated 15 km along the confluence of the River Ganges. It is an entirely land–locked state and lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture.
Patna City is located on the south bank of the river Ganga and it is an important administrative and educational centre. The city has a very long river line surrounded on three sides by rivers – The Ganga, Sone, and Punpun. The river Gandak flows into the river Ganga making it a unique place having four largish rivers in its vicinity to the north of Patna. The bridge over the river Ganges named Mahatma Gandhi Setu is 5575m long.
Since the city of Patna is also a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrimage centers of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri, it attracts many tourists, apart from business class people. This shows that Patna not only played an important part economically, culturally, politically but also spiritually.
Vision of Patna Master Plan 2031
Based on the studies of the existing conditions and considering the growth opportunities and potential of the site, the following vision statement was arrived at:
“To develop Patna Planning Area as a modern economic region with locally competitive infrastructure and social amenities to address future requirements in harmony with its ecological resources”
Developmental Strategies of Patna Master Plan 2031
The Vision of Patna Master Plan 2031 and broad objectives are translated into the following specific development strategies:
- Creation of a compact city to achieve sustainable development
- Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is proposed along the major corridors, which will emphasize movement through public transport. The above-mentioned Centers are well-linked to the core city.
- Integration of the peripheral areas with the core and intermediate areas, so that the entire PPA acts as one entity (through TOD).Creation of Growth Centres (GC) and Satellite Town – Proposing multi-nuclei centers will help reduce pressure on the core area.
- Thus, each Center will act as a self-contained zone which will include an employment hub. This Center will also provide economic opportunity and higher order social facilities to the surrounding areas.
- Proposing Patna Master Plan 2031 with the objectives of protecting rural livelihoods and catering to the needs of the population by providing agricultural zones
- Provision of adequate infrastructure to influence overall development in the region.
The project is largely concerned with the revision of Patna Master Plan 2021. The methodology will be comprised of preparing baseline information on population characteristics and its socio-economic attributes, revising, proposing land utilization details in order to cater the requirement of the projected future population growth, density, migration, and employment into consideration. Modifications/new, proposals will be made in the provided draft plan by keeping proposed developments in the region in addition to the natural growth of Patna.