Mumbai Master Plan 2036 (Draft) has been created for Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Mumbai Metropolitan Region lies to the west of the Sahyadri hill range and is part of the North Konkan region. It broadly lies between the rivers Tansa in the north and Patalganga in the south. The south-western boundary extends beyond the Patalganga River and includes the town of Alibag and Pen, thus including parts of the Tehsils of Alibag and Pen.
Of the 22.8 million population of the Region, 20.7 million reside in the 8 Municipal Corporations and 9 Municipal Councils within MMR (accounting for 87.26 per cent of the total population) as per the 2011 Census. Additionally there are 35 villages in rural MMR which exhibit urban characteristics that qualify them as Census towns. The population of MMR is thus largely urban accounting for nearly 94 per cent of the total MMR population.
Greater Mumbai, the Financial Capital of the Country, has always been a significant driver for the economic growth of both the State of Maharashtra as well as the Country.
In Maharashtra, there are 15 sanctioned Regional Plans, 6 Regional Plans in process, 4 in approval stage and 11 yet to be prepared. The Town Planning Department has prepared a phase-wise program for preparation of these 11 regional plans within next 5 years. Once these regional plans are prepared, Maharashtra would be the first large state to have spatial statutory plans for the entire State- for urban as well as rural areas.
Draft Development Plan according to the Mumbai Metropolitan Region comprises the whole of the area of Mumbai City District; the proposed land use map is prepared for the following Tehsil:
- Alibag (Proposed Land Use)
- Pen (Proposed Land Use)
- Uran (Proposed Land Use)
- Panvel (Proposed Land Use)
- Khalapur (Proposed Land Use)
- Karjat (Proposed Land Use)
- Thane (Proposed Land Use)
- Ambernath (Proposed Land Use)
- Bhiwandi (Proposed Land Use)
- Kalyan (Proposed Land Use)
- Vasai (Proposed Land Use)
Goals & Objectives of Mumbai Master Plan 2036
Basic goal of Mumbai Master Plan 2036 can be translated into the following specific objectives:
- To facilitate a more balanced growth of the region through a dispersal of employment opportunities across the region,
- Facilitate and promote the economic growth of the region, with an emphasis on the secondary sector, in order to provide skilled employment opportunities in tune with the available skillsets in the region,
- To augment public transit across the region with a view to increase connectivity and integration of the region,
- Enable the emergence of MMR as an integrated whole, leveraging the specific strengths of the individual cities to collective advantage,
- Earmark conservation areas and suggest strategies for enhancing their strength
- To suggest the extent and direction of future urbanization in areas that can be well served along with the institutional framework for governance
- Enable better quality of life through the creation of an integrated regional open space network and regional infrastructure.
Strategies of Mumbai Master Plan 2036
Enable balanced regional development
- Create new growth centres/employment hubs dispersed across the Region
- Create Local Development Centres (LDCs) as rural hubs
- Promote tourism and
- Encourage primary sector livelihood opportunities
Encourage manufacturing in MMR
- Demarcate new Industrial Zone in the region
- Provide logistic parks in the vicinity of the port
- Encourage SMEs across the region
Increase public transit connectivity in the region
- Extend suburban rail connectivity to peripheries of MMR
- Increase suburban stations
- Create new transit corridors as per CTS
- Develop Multi-Modal Corridor
- Use transit to spur development in current under-developed areas
Create regional scale open space networks
- Create a blue-green regional network that links heritage sites and tourist sites
- Create a greenway along the Multi-Modal Corridor
- Preserve all surface Water Bodies in the region
- Maintain a buffer around all major rivers, water bodies and forests and create a network of open spaces throughout the region
Extend governance framework to peri-urban areas
- Extend current municipal boundaries to include peri-urban areas that are rapidly urbanizing
- Create decentralized sub-regional offices of MMRDA to realise local strategies
Suggesting a framework for addressing the housing problem in terms of
- Policy to enable the market to meet the need
- Creating land-banks for intervention by the govt.
- Regulatory and institutional arrangement for housing in MMR
Creation of Regional Infrastructure
- Provide regional scale infrastructure like regional parks, sports complexes, large hospitals, educational institutions, fire services, landfills etc.
Simplified Zoning and DCRs
- Create a Regional Information System (RIS)