Ambala Master Plan 2025 has been created for Ambala. Ambala City is located between 300 21’ to 300 23’ north latitude and 760 40’ to 760 46’ east longitude. Its average height from mean sea level is 277 meters. It is one of the important cities of Haryana and is located at a distance of about 205 kilometers from National Capital, New Delhi and 45 kilometers from the State Capital, Chandigarh. It is here at Ambala City that G.T. Road bifurcates distinctly towards Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. In terms of linkages, Ambala City is gateway to Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. There are two railway stations in the town, one on the Delhi-Ludhiana railway line and other on Chandigarh line named Dhulkot station.
Ambala Cantonment is located on the south-east of Ambala City. It is located between 300 19′ to 300 23′ north latitude and 760 46′ to 760 51′ east longitude. Its average height above mean sea level is 277 meters. Delhi-Ambala-Amritsar road, the Grand Trunk road (National Highway-44), passes through this town. Its distance from National Capital, New Delhi and State Capital, Chandigarh is 200 Kilometers and 50 kilometers respectively. Ambala Cantonment is an important rail junction of northern India.
Vision of Ambala Master Plan 2025
The Final Development Plan of Ambala Cantonment and Ambala City were prepared for projected population of 2, 00,000 each by 2001 AD. The combined population of these towns has reached approximately 3,75,000 by 2001 AD. The houseless population as per census of 1991 was about 19,900. There are no statistics available for the houseless population in 2001 AD. It has been assumed as 25,000 persons. The projected population of the town is about 10,24,000 by 2025 AD. Therefore, urbanization proposals are to be made to accommodate 6,05,500 persons. The urbanisable proposals are spread over an area of about 9671 hectares with a town density of about 173 persons per hectare. The town density appears to be on lower side because Ambala cantonment is very sparsely populated having a meager density of only about 20 persons per hectare. If the projected population of Ambala cantonment and its area are excluded from the total projected population and the total urbanisable area respectively, the town density becomes realistic at about 308 persons per hectare.
Objective of Ambala Master Plan 2025
The projected population of the town is about 10,24,000 by 2025AD. The population of the town in 2001 AD was about 3,75,000. After making allowance for houseless persons assumed to be about 25,000 in 2001 AD, the total population to be accommodated works out to be about 4,28,000. Residential density in the old town area inside the municipal limits of two towns comes more than 500 persons per hectare, which has to be brought down considerably to a moderate level during the plan period. The total area under residential use is 3320 hectares. The total area under this use is approximately 248 hectares Sector 25(part) has been reserved as District Center for Ambala City having an area of 54 hectares and Sector-41A, is proposed as a City Centre for Ambala Cantonment having an area of 80.50 hectare. Besides this, an area of 36 hectares is allocated in Sector 12 and area of 5.20 hectares in Sector-8(part) for wholesale trade and present grain and vegetable market set up by Haryana State Agricultural Marketing Board (HSAMB).