Ambala Master Plan 2021 has been created for Ambala. Ambala City is located between 30° 21′ to 30° 23′ north latitude and 76° 40′ to 76° 46′ east longitude. Its average height from mean sea level is 277 meters. It is one of the important cities of Haryana and is located at a distance of about 205 kilometers from National Capital, New Delhi and 45 kilometers from the State Capital, Chandigarh. It is here at Ambala City that Grand Trunk Road bifurcates distinctly towards Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. In terms of linkages, Ambala City is gateway to Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. There are two railway stations in the town one on the Delhi-Ludhiana railway line and other on Chandigarh line named Dhulkot station.
Ambala Cantonment is located on the south-east of Ambala City. It is located between 30° 19′ to 30° 23′ north latitude and 76° 46′ to 76° 51′ east longitude. Its average height above mean sea level is 277 meters. Delhi-Ambala-Amritsar road, the Grand Trunk road (National Highway-1), passes through this town. Its distance from National Capital, New Delhi and State Capital, Chandigarh are 200 kilometers and 50 kilometers respectively. Ambala Cantonment is an important rail junction of northern India. The connectivity and proximity of both these towns to Delhi and other big markets of India have proved to be a boon to agriculture, trade and commerce.
Vision Ambala Master Plan 2021
To channelize urban growth in a planned way, the area between Tangri river and boundaries of cantonment and the notified area committee, Ambala Sadar (Now Municipal Council Ambala Sadar) was declared as controlled area for the first time, vide Haryana Government, Town and Country Planning Department notification No. 5254-VDP-70/4086 dated the 14th July, 1970 published on dated the 8th September, 1970 under the Punjab Scheduled Roads and Controlled Areas Restriction of Unregulated Development Act, 1963. The land between Grand Trunk Road (National Highway No.1) and Delhi-Amritsar Railway line that forms a narrow belt was also included in the controlled area because substantial amount of unplanned growth was taking place in this belt due to its locational advantage. Noticing that the haphazard growth was also taking place on the western side of Tangri River along Ambala-Jagadhri Road, additional controlled area was declared vide Haryana Government, Town and Country Planning Department notification no. 5517-2TCP-76/38964 dated the 26th November, 1976 published in Gazette on dated the 30th November, 1976.
Objective of Ambala Master Plan 2021
The Final Development Plans of Ambala Cantonment and Ambala City were prepared for a projected population of 200000 each by 2001 AD. The combined population of these towns has reached approximately 375000 by 2001 AD. The houseless population as per census of 1991 was about 19,900. There are no statistics available for the houseless population in 2001 AD. It has been assumed as 25,000 persons. The projected population of the town is about 750000 by 2021 AD. Therefore, urbanization proposals are to be made to accommodate 400000 persons (375000+25000) as a part of Ambala Master Plan 2021. The urbanisable proposals spread over an area of about 9632 hectares at a town density of about 78 persons per hectare. The town density appears to be on lower side because Ambala cantonment is very sparsely populated having a meager density of only about 20 persons per hectare. If the projected population of the Ambala cantonment and its area are excluded from the total projected population and the total urbanisable area respectively, the town density becomes realistic at about 100 persons per hectare.